Evidence-based selection of training compounds for use in the mechanism-based integrated prediction of drug-induced liver injury in man

Dragovic, Sanja, Vermeulen, Nico PE, Gerets, Helga H, Hewitt, Philip G, Ingelman-Sundberg, Magnus, Park, B Kevin ORCID: 0000-0001-8384-824X, Juhila, Satu, Snoeys, Jan and Weaver, Richard J
(2016) Evidence-based selection of training compounds for use in the mechanism-based integrated prediction of drug-induced liver injury in man. ARCHIVES OF TOXICOLOGY, 90 (12). pp. 2979-3003.

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The current test systems employed by pharmaceutical industry are poorly predictive for drug-induced liver injury (DILI). The 'MIP-DILI' project addresses this situation by the development of innovative preclinical test systems which are both mechanism-based and of physiological, pharmacological and pathological relevance to DILI in humans. An iterative, tiered approach with respect to test compounds, test systems, bioanalysis and systems analysis is adopted to evaluate existing models and develop new models that can provide validated test systems with respect to the prediction of specific forms of DILI and further elucidation of mechanisms. An essential component of this effort is the choice of compound training set that will be used to inform refinement and/or development of new model systems that allow prediction based on knowledge of mechanisms, in a tiered fashion. In this review, we focus on the selection of MIP-DILI training compounds for mechanism-based evaluation of non-clinical prediction of DILI. The selected compounds address both hepatocellular and cholestatic DILI patterns in man, covering a broad range of pharmacologies and chemistries, and taking into account available data on potential DILI mechanisms (e.g. mitochondrial injury, reactive metabolites, biliary transport inhibition, and immune responses). Known mechanisms by which these compounds are believed to cause liver injury have been described, where many if not all drugs in this review appear to exhibit multiple toxicological mechanisms. Thus, the training compounds selection offered a valuable tool to profile DILI mechanisms and to interrogate existing and novel in vitro systems for the prediction of human DILI.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Drug-induced liver injury (DILI), MIP-DILI, Set of training compounds, Evidence-based selection, DILI mechanisms
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 27 Sep 2016 14:52
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:29
DOI: 10.1007/s00204-016-1845-1
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3003480