Feeding Preferences of Abyssal Macrofauna Inferred from <i>In Situ</i> Pulse Chase Experiments

Jeffreys, Rachel M ORCID: 0000-0001-6114-2334, Burke, Ciara, Jamieson, Alan J, Narayanaswamy, Bhavani E, Ruhl, Henry A, Smith, Kenneth L Jr and Witte, Ursula
(2013) Feeding Preferences of Abyssal Macrofauna Inferred from <i>In Situ</i> Pulse Chase Experiments. PLOS ONE, 8 (11). e80510-.

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Climatic fluctuations may significantly alter the taxonomic and biochemical composition of phytoplankton blooms and subsequently phytodetritus, the food source for the majority of deep-sea communities. To examine the response of abyssal benthic communities to different food resources we simulated a food sedimentation event containing diatoms and coccolithophorids at Station M in the NE Pacific. In one set of experiments we measured incorporation of diatomC and coccoN into the macrofauna using isotopically enriched (13)C-diatoms and (15)N-coccolithophores. In a second experiment we measured incorporation of C and N from dual-labelled ((13)C and (15)N) diatoms. The second experiment was repeated 2 months later to assess the effect of seasonality. The simulated food pulses represented additions of 650 - 800 mg C m(-2) and 120 mg N m(-2) to the seafloor. In all cases rapid incorporation of tracer was observed within 4 days, with between 20% and 52% of the macrofauna displaying evidence of enrichment. However, incorporation levels of both diatomC and coccoN were low (<0.05% and 0.005% of the added C and N). Incorporation of labelled diatoms was similar during both June and September suggesting that the community was not food limited during either period. We found no evidence for selective ingestion of the different food types in the metazoan fauna suggesting that macrofauna do not have strong preferences for diatom vs. coccolithophore dominated phytodetrital pulses. C∶N ratios from both experiments suggest that the metazoan macrofauna community appear to have higher C demands and/or assimilation efficiencies compared to N. Concomitantly, the foraminifera preferentially selected for diatomN over coccoN, and we suggest that this may be related to foraminiferal requirements for intracellular nitrate. These experiments provide evidence that abyssal faunal feeding strategies are in part driven by an organism's internal stoichiometric budgets and biochemical requirements.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: ## TULIP Type: Articles/Papers (Journal) ##
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ecosystem, Biodiversity, Food Chain, Geologic Sediments, Oceans and Seas
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2016 10:06
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2023 19:56
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080510
Open Access URL: http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.137...
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3004280