Atypically small temperature-dependence of the direct band gap in the metastable semiconductor copper nitride Cu3N



Birkett, M ORCID: 0000-0002-6076-6820, Savory, CN, Fioretti, AN, Thompson, P ORCID: 0000-0002-9697-6141, Muryn, CA, Weerakkody, AD, Mitrovic, IZ ORCID: 0000-0003-4816-8905, Hall, S ORCID: 0000-0001-8387-1036, Treharne, R, Dhanak, VR ORCID: 0000-0001-8053-654X
et al (show 3 more authors) (2017) Atypically small temperature-dependence of the direct band gap in the metastable semiconductor copper nitride Cu3N. Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics, 95 (11). 115201-.

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Abstract

The temperature-dependence of the direct band gap and thermal expansion in the metastable anti-ReO3 semiconductor Cu3N are investigated between 4.2 and 300 K by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and x-ray diffraction. Complementary refractive index spectra are determined by spectroscopic ellipsometry at 300 K. A direct gap of 1.68 eV is associated with the absorption onset at 300 K, which strengthens continuously and reaches a magnitude of 3.5e5/cm at 2.7 eV, suggesting potential for photovoltaic applications. Notably, the direct gap redshifts by just 24 meV between 4.2 and 300 K, giving an atypically small band gap temperature coefficient dEg/dT of -0.082 meV/K. Additionally, the band structure, dielectric function, phonon dispersion, linear expansion and heat capacity are calculated using density functional theory; remarkable similarities between the experimental and calculated refractive index spectra support the accuracy of these calculations, which indicate beneficially low hole effective masses and potential negative thermal expansion below 50 K. To assess the lattice expansion contribution to the band gap temperature-dependence, a quasi-harmonic model fitted to the observed lattice contraction finds a monotonically decreasing linear expansion (descending past 10^-6 /K below 80 K), while estimating the Debye temperature, lattice heat capacity and Gruneisen parameter. Accounting for lattice and electron-phonon contributions to the observed band gap evolution suggests average phonon energies that are qualitatively consistent with predicted maxima in the phonon density of states. As band edge temperature-dependence has significant consequences for device performance, copper nitride should be well-suited for applications that require a largely temperature-invariant band gap.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: band gap, temperature-dependence, thermal expansion, copper nitride, Cu3N, absorption coefficient, ellipsometry, FTIR, DFT, refractive index, photovoltaics, dielectric function, phonon, dispersion, heat capacity, quasi-harmonic, Debye temperature
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2017 10:41
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 01:12
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.95.115201
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3005711