Cold atmospheric pressure plasma elimination of clinically important single- and mixed-species biofilms.



Modic, M, McLeod, NP, Sutton, JM and Walsh, JL ORCID: 0000-0002-6318-0892
(2017) Cold atmospheric pressure plasma elimination of clinically important single- and mixed-species biofilms. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents, 49 (3). pp. 375-378.

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Abstract

Mixed-species biofilms reflect the natural environment of many pathogens in clinical settings and are highly resistant to disinfection methods. An indirect cold atmospheric-pressure air-plasma system was evaluated under two different discharge conditions for its ability to kill representative Gram-positive (Staphylococcus aureus) and Gram-negative (Pseudomonas aeruginosa) pathogens. Plasma treatment of individual 24-h-old biofilms and mixed-species biofilms that contained additional species (Enterococcus faecalis and Klebsiella pneumoniae) was considered. Under plasma conditions that favoured the production of reactive nitrogen species (RNS), individual P. aeruginosa biofilms containing ca. 5.0 × 106 CFU were killed extremely rapidly, with no bacterial survival detected at 15 s of exposure. Staphylococcus aureus survived longer under these conditions, with no detectable growth after 60 s of exposure. In mixed-species biofilms, P. aeruginosa survived longer but all species were killed with no detectable growth at 60 s. Under plasma conditions that favoured the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), P. aeruginosa showed increased survival, with the lower limit of detection reached by 120 s, and S. aureus was killed in a similar time frame. In the mixed-species model, bacterial kill was biphasic but all pathogens showed viable cells after 240 s of exposure, with P. aeruginosa showing significant survival (ca. 3.6 ± 0.6 × 106 CFU). Overall, this study shows the potential of indirect air plasma treatment to achieve significant bacterial kill, but highlights aspects that might affect performance against key pathogens, especially in real-life settings within mixed populations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mixed-species biofilms, Cold plasma, Decontamination, ESKAPE pathogens
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 22 Feb 2017 10:19
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 07:19
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2016.11.022
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3005878