<i>Trypanosoma amblyommi</i> sp. nov. (Protozoa: Kinetoplastida) isolated from <i>Amblyomma brasiliense</i> (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Marotta, Carolina R, Dos Santos, Priscilla N, Cordeiro, Matheus D, Da S Barros, Juliana Helena, Bell-Sakyi, Lesley ORCID: 0000-0002-7305-0477 and Fonseca, Adivaldo H ORCID: 0000-0002-5834-141X
(2018) <i>Trypanosoma amblyommi</i> sp. nov. (Protozoa: Kinetoplastida) isolated from <i>Amblyomma brasiliense</i> (Acari: Ixodidae) ticks in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Parasitology open, 4. e2-.

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Parasites of the genus <i>Trypanosoma</i> are microorganisms that display wide morphological, biological and genetic variability. Here we present the first description of an isolate of the genus <i>Trypanosoma</i> naturally infecting the tick <i>Amblyomma brasiliense</i>. The ticks were collected from a specimen of <i>Tayassu pecari</i> (Queixada, white-lipped peccary) from the Itatiaia National Park, Itatiaia, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The isolate was characterised by molecular, morphometric and biological analyses. A <i>Trypanosoma</i> culture was isolated from crushed nymphal and adult ticks, propagated in the tick cell line IDE8 and maintained in L15B culture medium, incubated at 32 °C. The isolate grew well in L15B medium at 30 °C, 32 °C and 34 °C but not at lower or higher temperatures. The culture remained stable in axenic L15B medium at 30 °C. Cryopreserved cultures retained viability after cryopreservation in liquid nitrogen. Growth in axenic medium and developmental forms of the trypanosomes were analysed. Analysis of the 18S rDNA region confirmed the authenticity of this new species and the nucleotide sequence was deposited in Genbank. The species was named <i>Trypanosoma amblyommi</i> sp. nov. strain C1RJ. Characteristics related to pathogenicity, involvement with vertebrate hosts, epidemiology, developmental cycle and transmission mechanisms are still unknown. Therefore, further studies are necessary to understand aspects of the biological cycle of <i>Trypanosoma amblyommi</i> sp. nov.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amblyomma brasiliense ticks, Trypanosoma amblyommi sp. nov., tick cell line
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2018 11:52
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2024 02:54
DOI: 10.1017/pao.2017.17
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3019104