Warm plasma activation of CO<sub>2</sub> in a rotating gliding arc discharge reactor

Zhang, Hao, Li, Li, Li, Xiaodong, Wang, Weizong, Yan, Jianhua and Tu, Xin ORCID: 0000-0002-6376-0897
(2018) Warm plasma activation of CO<sub>2</sub> in a rotating gliding arc discharge reactor. JOURNAL OF CO2 UTILIZATION, 27. pp. 472-479.

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In this study, a rotating gliding arc (RGA) warm plasma has been developed for the conversion of CO2 into CO and O2. The effect of feed flow rate, applied voltage, arc current, and the addition of N2 or Ar on the reaction performance has been investigated. The results show two variation patterns of CO2 conversion and energy efficiency, depending on the specific energy input (SEI): In Pattern A with SEI > 3.5 kJ/L, the CO2 conversion and energy efficiency decrease simultaneously with increasing SEI, while in Pattern B with SEI ≤ 3.5 kJ/L, the energy efficiency and the CO2 conversion show an opposite trend. The recombination of CO and O at high temperatures could be responsible for the decrease of CO2 conversion with rising SEI due to the increased retention time or gas temperature. A CO2 conversion of 4.0-4.4% and energy efficiency of 16-17% can be achieved. Compared to other non-thermal plasmas, the RGA plasma exhibits a lower CO2 conversion but higher energy efficiency, whilst maintaining a flow rate (e.g, 6-7 L/min) that is significantly higher than that of typical non-thermal plasmas (e.g., 20-125 ml/min in dielectric barrier and corona discharges). Increasing the fraction of N2 or Ar promotes the conversion of CO2 but lowers the energy efficiency. N2 is clearly more beneficial for enhancing the CO2 conversion in comparison to Ar. Further enhancement of the reaction performance can be expected by cooling the plasma area to lower the gas temperature, to limit the recombination of CO and O.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: CO2 dissociation, rotating gliding arc, warm plasma, flow rate, specific energy input
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2018 11:30
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2023 20:41
DOI: 10.1016/j.jcou.2018.08.020
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3028177