Utilisation of an operative difficulty grading scale for laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Griffiths, Ewen A, Hodson, James, Vohra, Ravi S, Marriott, Paul, Katbeh, Tarek, Zino, Samer, Nassar, Ahmad HM, Vohra, Ravinder S, Kirkham, Amanda J, Pasquali, Sandro
et al (show 646 more authors) (2019) Utilisation of an operative difficulty grading scale for laparoscopic cholecystectomy. , Germany.

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<h4>Background</h4>A reliable system for grading operative difficulty of laparoscopic cholecystectomy would standardise description of findings and reporting of outcomes. The aim of this study was to validate a difficulty grading system (Nassar scale), testing its applicability and consistency in two large prospective datasets.<h4>Methods</h4>Patient and disease-related variables and 30-day outcomes were identified in two prospective cholecystectomy databases: the multi-centre prospective cohort of 8820 patients from the recent CholeS Study and the single-surgeon series containing 4089 patients. Operative data and patient outcomes were correlated with Nassar operative difficultly scale, using Kendall's tau for dichotomous variables, or Jonckheere-Terpstra tests for continuous variables. A ROC curve analysis was performed, to quantify the predictive accuracy of the scale for each outcome, with continuous outcomes dichotomised, prior to analysis.<h4>Results</h4>A higher operative difficulty grade was consistently associated with worse outcomes for the patients in both the reference and CholeS cohorts. The median length of stay increased from 0 to 4 days, and the 30-day complication rate from 7.6 to 24.4% as the difficulty grade increased from 1 to 4/5 (both p < 0.001). In the CholeS cohort, a higher difficulty grade was found to be most strongly associated with conversion to open and 30-day mortality (AUROC = 0.903, 0.822, respectively). On multivariable analysis, the Nassar operative difficultly scale was found to be a significant independent predictor of operative duration, conversion to open surgery, 30-day complications and 30-day reintervention (all p < 0.001).<h4>Conclusion</h4>We have shown that an operative difficulty scale can standardise the description of operative findings by multiple grades of surgeons to facilitate audit, training assessment and research. It provides a tool for reporting operative findings, disease severity and technical difficulty and can be utilised in future research to reliably compare outcomes according to case mix and intra-operative difficulty.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Unspecified)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Surgery, Laparoscopic, Cholecystectomy, Operative difficulty, Difficulty grading
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2019 09:58
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2024 03:28
DOI: 10.1007/s00464-018-6281-2
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00464-018-6281-2
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3044556