The Influence of Water on the Strength of Olivine Dislocation Slip Systems

Tielke, JA, Mecklenburgh, J, Mariani, E ORCID: 0000-0002-0585-5265 and Wheeler, J ORCID: 0000-0002-7576-4465
(2019) The Influence of Water on the Strength of Olivine Dislocation Slip Systems. JGR Solid Earth, 124 (7). pp. 6542-6559.

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The nature of lattice‐preferred orientation (LPO) in olivine‐rich rocks strongly influences many important physical properties of Earth's upper mantle. Different LPO types have been observed to develop in deformation experiments on olivine‐rich rocks carried out at different water fugacity conditions. The development of the different LPO types has been attributed to dislocation slip systems in olivine having different sensitivities to water fugacity, but this hypothesis has not been directly tested. To measure the influence of water fugacity on the relative strengths of olivine dislocation slip systems, we carried out a series of deformation experiments on olivine single crystals under either anhydrous or hydrous conditions. The crystals were oriented to activate either the (010)[100], (001)[100], or (100)[001] dislocation slip systems using a direct shear geometry, which allows for isolation of single slip systems, in contrast to the multiple systems activated in experiments carried out in compression. Post‐deformation electron backscatter diffraction analyses reveal orientation gradients consistent with deformation occurring via the motion of dislocations on the activated slip systems. Crystals in all of the investigated orientations exhibit hydrolytic weakening, but crystals oriented to activate the (001)[100] slip system exhibit the largest degree of weakening. These results are consistent with a water‐induced change in LPO in olivine‐rich rocks deforming by dislocation creep. The rheological data obtained from the experiments can be used to improve models of LPO evolution in Earth's mantle, which is critical for imaging the structure of Earth's interior and predicting the movement of Earth's tectonic plates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: olivine, water, dislocation, LPO, mantle, deformation
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 30 Jul 2019 08:28
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:36
DOI: 10.1029/2019JB017436
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