Cardiac Troponin I and Cardiovascular Risk in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease



Adamson, Philip D, Anderson, Julie A, Brook, Robert D, Calverley, Peter MA, Celli, Bartolome R, Cowans, Nicholas J, Crim, Courtney, Dixon, Ian J, Martinez, Fernando J, Newby, David E
et al (show 3 more authors) (2018) Cardiac Troponin I and Cardiovascular Risk in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY, 72 (10). pp. 1126-1137.

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Abstract

<h4>Background</h4>Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have increased risk of cardiovascular events.<h4>Objectives</h4>This study evaluated the association between high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I concentration and cardiovascular events in patients with COPD and heightened cardiovascular risk.<h4>Methods</h4>In a double-blind randomized controlled trial, 16,485 patients with COPD and cardiovascular disease or risk factors were randomized to once daily inhaled placebo, fluticasone furoate (100 μg), vilanterol (25 μg), or their combination. Plasma high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I concentrations were measured in a subgroup of 1,599 patients. Outcomes were on-treatment cardiovascular events and COPD exacerbations over a median of 18 months, and cardiovascular death over a median of 27 months.<h4>Results</h4>Baseline plasma cardiac troponin I concentrations were above the limit of detection (1.2 ng/l) in 1,542 (96%) patients. Concentrations were unaffected by inhaled therapies at 3 months (p > 0.05). Compared with the lowest quintile (cardiac troponin <2.3 ng/l), patients in the highest quintile (≥7.7 ng/l) were at greater risk of cardiovascular events (hazard ratio [HR] 3.7; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.3 to 10.1; p = 0.012) and cardiovascular death (HR: 20.1; 95% CI: 2.4 to 165.2; p = 0.005) after adjustment for risk factors. By contrast, there were no differences in exacerbations between quintiles (HR: 1.1; 95% CI: 0.8 to 1.5; p = 0.548).<h4>Conclusions</h4>In patients with COPD and heightened cardiovascular risk, plasma cardiac troponin I concentrations are a specific and major indicator of future cardiovascular events and cardiovascular death. Inhaled therapies did not affect cardiac troponin I concentrations consistent with their neutral effect on mortality and cardiovascular outcomes. (Study to Evaluate the Effect of Fluticasone Furoate/Vilanterol on Survival in Subjects With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease [SUMMIT]; NCT01313676).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cardiac troponin, cardiovascular risk, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2019 14:57
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:35
DOI: 10.1016/j.jacc.2018.06.051
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3051207