Use of coping strategies in multiple sclerosis: Association with demographic and disease-related characteristics

Holland, DP, Schluter, DK, Young, CA ORCID: 0000-0001-6971-8203, Mills, RJ, Rog, DJ, Ford, HL and Orchard, K
(2019) Use of coping strategies in multiple sclerosis: Association with demographic and disease-related characteristics. MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS AND RELATED DISORDERS, 27. pp. 214-222.

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<h4>Background</h4>Coping positively and negatively influences psychosocial and other outcomes in multiple sclerosis (MS), but there is conflicting evidence about the use of different coping strategies and their associations with demographic and disease characteristics. Our aims were to examine which coping strategies are used by a large sample of people with MS, then to identify any associations between demographic and disease related factors with use of individual coping strategies.<h4>Methods</h4>Participants in the Trajectories of Outcomes in Neurological Conditions (TONiC) study completed the Coping Orientations to Problems Experienced (COPE60) questionnaire. Relationships between demographic and clinical characteristics and coping strategies were examined by multiple ordinal logistic regression to assess the effect of each potential predictor after adjustment for other possible covariates.<h4>Results</h4>From 722 patients, the most commonly used strategy was Acceptance, followed by Active Coping, Planning and Positive Reinterpretation and Growth. All but two strategies showed significant associations with demographic and clinical characteristics. The most marked effects were found for Restraint, with people in employment 2.1 times as likely to utilise this strategy compared to those unemployed, and Seeking of Emotional Social Support and Focus on and Venting of Emotions, which were utilised twice as much by women compared to men. Behavioural and Mental Disengagement were highly associated with greater disability and not being in employment.<h4>Conclusion</h4>Clinicians should be aware of several disease and demographic characteristics that are associated with use of potentially maladaptive coping strategies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cross-sectional studies, Multiple sclerosis, Surveys and questionnaires, Quality of life, Adaptation, Psychological, Coping strategies
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2019 14:53
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:20
DOI: 10.1016/j.msard.2018.10.016
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