Potential genetic modifiers for somatic EGFR mutation in lung cancer: a meta-analysis and literature review



Cheng, Yue I, Gan, Yun Cui, Liu, Dan, Davies, Michael PA ORCID: 0000-0002-7609-4977, Li, Wei Min and Field, John K ORCID: 0000-0003-3951-6365
(2019) Potential genetic modifiers for somatic EGFR mutation in lung cancer: a meta-analysis and literature review. BMC CANCER, 19 (1). 1068-.

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Abstract

<h4>Background</h4>Accumulating evidence indicates inherited risk in the aetiology of lung cancer, although smoking exposure is the major attributing factor. Family history is a simple substitute for inherited susceptibility. Previous studies have shown some possible yet conflicting links between family history of cancer and EGFR mutation in lung cancer. As EGFR-mutated lung cancer favours female, never-smoker, adenocarcinoma and Asians, it may be argued that there may be some underlying genetic modifiers responsible for the pathogenesis of EGFR mutation.<h4>Methods</h4>We searched four databases for all original articles on family history of malignancy and EGFR mutation status in lung cancer published up to July 2018. We performed a meta-analysis by using a random-effects model and odds ratio estimates. Heterogeneity and sensitivity were also investigated. Then we conducted a second literature research to curate case reports of familial lung cancers who studied both germline cancer predisposing genes and their somatic EGFR mutation status; and explored the possible links between cancer predisposing genes and EGFR mutation.<h4>Results</h4>Eleven studies have been included in the meta-analysis. There is a significantly higher likelihood of EGFR mutation in lung cancer patients with family history of cancer than their counterparts without family history, preferentially in Asians (OR = 1.35[1.06-1.71], P = 0.01), those diagnosed with adenocarcinomas ((OR = 1.47[1.14-1.89], P = 0.003) and those with lung cancer-affected relatives (first and second-degree: OR = 1.53[1.18-1.99], P = 0.001; first-degree: OR = 1.76[1.36-2.28, P < 0.0001]). Familial lung cancers more likely have concurrent EGFR mutations along with mutations in their germline cancer predisposition genes including EGFR T790 M, BRCA2 and TP53. Certain mechanisms may contribute to the combination preferences between inherited mutations and somatic ones.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Potential genetic modifiers may contribute to somatic EGFR mutation in lung cancer, although current data is limited. Further studies on this topic are needed, which may help to unveil lung carcinogenesis pathways. However, caution is warranted in data interpretation due to limited cases available for the current study.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Lung cancer, EGFR mutation, Family history of cancer, Inherited susceptibility, Cancer predisposition genes, EGFR T790 M, BRCA, TP53, DNA repair, Lung cancer aetiology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2020 08:56
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 00:08
DOI: 10.1186/s12885-019-6317-6
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3071840