Multimode Hybrid Antennas Using Liquid Dielectric Resonator and Magneto-Electric Dipole



Song, Chaoyun, Bennett, Elliot Leon ORCID: 0000-0003-3798-4296, Xiao, Jianliang ORCID: 0000-0003-2010-247X and Huang, Yi ORCID: 0000-0001-7774-1024
(2021) Multimode Hybrid Antennas Using Liquid Dielectric Resonator and Magneto-Electric Dipole. IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON ANTENNAS AND PROPAGATION, 69 (6). pp. 3132-3143.

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Abstract

This article presents a new type of hybrid antenna that combines the multiresonant modes produced by a liquid dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) and a magnetoelectric (ME) dipole. Such a combination could not be easily realized by using conventional solid dielectrics due to fabrication and air-gap problems. An aperture-fed ME dipole for 4.1-5.3 GHz is firstly designed using a standard structure and a relatively small dimension. Then, a hybrid antenna is built by loading the ME-dipole with an aperture-fed cylindrical liquid DRA. Without increasing the antenna size and/or modifying the ME-dipole structure significantly, the hybrid antenna has realized a much wider bandwidth from 2.45 to 5.3 GHz after loading the liquid material. Moreover, it is found that the resonances of the ME-dipole are not simply shifted to lower frequencies after using the dielectric loading, it has strategically combined the multiple resonances of the electric dipole, magnetic dipole, DRA, and feeding slot. The mode combination principle and design guideline have been presented. As an example, a prototype of the proposed hybrid antenna has achieved a 73.5% fractional bandwidth with an electrical size of 0.66× 0.66× 0.16, λ 03 at the center frequency (3.88 GHz), over 5 dBi (up to 7 dBi) broadside gain, total efficiency >80%, and beamwidth around 80°-120° across the frequency band. The proposed hybrid antenna has advantages in terms of wide bandwidth, smaller size, and simple structure compared with other ME-dipoles and traditional wideband antennas. The idea of this antenna design could be extended to other ME-dipole and DRA structures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Complementary antennas, dielectric resonator antenna (DRA), hybrid antennas, liquid antennas, magnetoelectric (ME) dipole antennas, wideband antennas
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 15 Dec 2020 09:57
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 13:35
DOI: 10.1109/TAP.2020.3037765
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3110105