Bat-Borne Coronaviruses in Jordan and Saudi Arabia: A Threat to Public Health?



Al-Eitan, Laith N, Tarkhan, Amneh H, Alghamdi, Mansour A, Marston, Denise A, Wu, Guanghui, McElhinney, Lorraine M ORCID: 0000-0002-6022-348X, Brown, Ian H and Fooks, Anthony R
(2020) Bat-Borne Coronaviruses in Jordan and Saudi Arabia: A Threat to Public Health? VIRUSES-BASEL, 12 (12). E1413-.

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.
[thumbnail of Bat-Borne Coronaviruses in Jordan and Saudi Arabia A Threat to Public Health.pdf] Text
Bat-Borne Coronaviruses in Jordan and Saudi Arabia A Threat to Public Health.pdf - Published version

Download (892kB) | Preview

Abstract

Emerging infectious diseases are of great concern to public health, as highlighted by the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Such diseases are of particular danger during mass gathering and mass influx events, as large crowds of people in close proximity to each other creates optimal opportunities for disease transmission. The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia are two countries that have witnessed mass gatherings due to the arrival of Syrian refugees and the annual Hajj season. The mass migration of people not only brings exotic diseases to these regions but also brings new diseases back to their own countries, e.g., the outbreak of MERS in South Korea. Many emerging pathogens originate in bats, and more than 30 bat species have been identified in these two countries. Some of those bat species are known to carry viruses that cause deadly diseases in other parts of the world, such as the rabies virus and coronaviruses. However, little is known about bats and the pathogens they carry in Jordan and Saudi Arabia. Here, the importance of enhanced surveillance of bat-borne infections in Jordan and Saudi Arabia is emphasized, promoting the awareness of bat-borne diseases among the general public and building up infrastructure and capability to fill the gaps in public health preparedness to prevent future pandemics.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bats, coronaviruses, emerging infectious disease, viral disease, zoonotic disease, COVID-19, Jordan, Saudi Arabia
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 14 May 2021 15:22
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 22:47
DOI: 10.3390/v12121413
Open Access URL: https://www.mdpi.com/1999-4915/12/12/1413
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3122728