Transcript Variants of Genes Involved in Neurodegeneration Are Differentially Regulated by the Apoe and Mapt Haplotypes

Koks, Sulev ORCID: 0000-0001-6087-6643, Pfaff, Abigail, Bubb, Vivien and Quinn, John ORCID: 0000-0003-3551-7803
(2021) Transcript Variants of Genes Involved in Neurodegeneration Are Differentially Regulated by the Apoe and Mapt Haplotypes. Genes.

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Genetic variations at the Apolipoprotein E (ApoE) and microtubule-associated protein tau (MAPT) loci have been implicated in multiple neurogenerative diseases, but their exact molecular mechanisms are unclear. In this study we performed transcript level linear modelling using the blood whole transcriptome data and genotypes of the 570 subjects in the Parkinson’s progression markers initiative (PPMI) cohort. ApoE, MAPT haplotypes and two SNPs at the SNCA locus (rs356181, rs3910105) were used to detect expression quantitative trait loci eQTLs associated with the transcriptome and differential usage of transcript isoforms. As a result, we identified 151 genes associated with the genotypic variations, 29 cis and 122 trans eQTL positions. Profound effect with genome-wide significance of ApoE e4 haplotype on the expression of TOMM40 transcripts was identified. This finding potentially explain in part the frequently established genetic association with the APOE e4 haplotypes in neurodegenerative diseases. Moreover, MAPT haplotypes had significant differential impact on 23 transcripts from the 17q21.31 and 17q24.1 loci. MAPT haplotypes had also the largest (256) and smallest (-178) effect sizes measured as beta values on two different transcripts from the same gene (LRRC37A2). Intronic SNP in the SNCA gene, rs3910105, differentially induces expression of three SNCA isoforms. In conclusion, this study established clear association between well-known haplotypic variance and transcript specific regulation in the blood. APOE e4 and MAPT H1/H2 haplotypic variants are associated with the expression of several genes related to the neurodegeneration.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 31 Biological Sciences, 3102 Bioinformatics and Computational Biology, 3105 Genetics, Neurosciences, Brain Disorders, Acquired Cognitive Impairment, Human Genome, Dementia, Genetics, Aging, Neurodegenerative, 2 Aetiology, 2.1 Biological and endogenous factors, Neurological
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2021 07:46
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 23:54
DOI: 10.20944/preprints202101.0149.v1
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