Observation of the Mass Difference Between Neutral Charm-Meson Eigenstates



Aaij, R, Beteta, C Abellan, Ackernley, T, Adeva, B, Adinolfi, M, Afsharnia, H, Aidala, CA, Aiola, S, Ajaltouni, Z, Akar, S
et al (show 959 more authors) (2021) Observation of the Mass Difference Between Neutral Charm-Meson Eigenstates. PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, 127 (11). 111801-.

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Abstract

A measurement of mixing and CP violation in neutral charm mesons is performed using data reconstructed in proton-proton collisions collected by the LHCb experiment from 2016 to 2018, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 5.4  fb^{-1}. A total of 30.6 million D^{0}→K_{S}^{0}π^{+}π^{-} decays are analyzed using a method optimized for the measurement of the mass difference between neutral charm-meson eigenstates. Allowing for CP violation in mixing and in the interference between mixing and decay, the mass and decay-width differences are measured to be x_{CP}=[3.97±0.46(stat)±0.29(syst)]×10^{-3} and y_{CP}=[4.59±1.20(stat)±0.85(syst)]×10^{-3}, respectively. The CP-violating parameters are measured as Δx=[-0.27±0.18(stat)±0.01(syst)]×10^{-3} and Δy=[0.20±0.36(stat)±0.13(syst)]×10^{-3}. This is the first observation of a nonzero mass difference in the D^{0} meson system, with a significance exceeding seven standard deviations. The data are consistent with CP symmetry and improve existing constraints on the associated parameters.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: All figures and tables, along with machine-readable versions and any supplementary material and additional information, are available at https://cern.ch/lhcbproject/Publications/p/LHCb-PAPER-2021-009.html (LHCb public pages). Updated to correct sign of reported value of phi
Uncontrolled Keywords: LHCb Collaboration
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2021 09:23
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2023 04:45
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.111801
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3134955