The Efficiency of Using Mirror Imaged Topography in Fellow Eyes Analyses of Pentacam HR Data



Fathy, Arwa, Lopes, Bernardo T, Ambrosio, Renato, Wu, Richard and Abass, Ahmed ORCID: 0000-0002-8622-4632
(2021) The Efficiency of Using Mirror Imaged Topography in Fellow Eyes Analyses of Pentacam HR Data. SYMMETRY-BASEL, 13 (11). p. 2132.

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Abstract

<jats:p>Purpose: To investigate the effectiveness of flipping left corneas topography and analysethem quantitively along with fellow right corneas based on the assumption that they are mirror images of each other. Methods: The study involved scanning both eyes of 177 healthy participants (aged 35.3 ± 15.8) and 75 keratoconic participants (aged 33.9 ± 17.8). Clinical tomography data were collected for both eyes using the Pentacam HR and processed by a fully automated custom-built MATLAB code. For every case, the right eye was used as a datum fixed surface while the left cornea was flipped around in the superior–inferior direction. In this position, the root-mean-squared difference (RMS) between the flipped left cornea and the right cornea was initially determined for both the anterior and posterior corneal surfaces. Next, the iterative closest point transformation algorithm was applied on the three-dimensional flipped cornea to allow the flipped left corneal anterior surface to translate and rotate, minimising the difference between it and the right corneal anterior surface. Then, the RMS differences were recalculated and compared. Results: A comparison of the dioptric powers showed a significant difference between the RMS of both the flipped left eyes and the right eyes in the healthy and the KC groups (p &lt; 0.001). The RMS of the surfaces of the flipped left corneas and the right corneas was 0.6 ± 0.4 D among the healthy group and 4.1 ± 2.3 among the KC group. After transforming the flipped left corneas, the RMS was recorded as 0.5 ± 0.3 D and 2.4 ± 2 D among the healthy and KC groups, respectively. Conclusions: Although fellow eyes are highly related in their clinical parameters, they should be treated with care when one eye topography is flipped and processed with the other eye topography in an optic-related research analysis where translation might be needed. In KC, an asymmetric disease, it was observed that a portion of the asymmetry was due to a corneal apex shift interfering with the image acquisition. Therefore, transforming the flipped left eyes by rotation and translation results in a fairer comparison between the fellow KC corneas.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: eye, cornea, contralateral eye, fellow corneas, mirror image, parametric, eye analyses
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Engineering
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 03 Nov 2021 09:36
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:25
DOI: 10.3390/sym13112132
Open Access URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2073-8994/13/11/2132
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3142620