Fasciola hepatica Surface Tegument: Glycoproteins at the Interface of Parasite and Host.

Ravidà, Alessandra, Cwiklinski, Krystyna ORCID: 0000-0001-5577-2735, Aldridge, Allison M, Clarke, Paul, Thompson, Roisin, Gerlach, Jared Q ORCID: 0000-0001-7343-7201, Kilcoyne, Michelle ORCID: 0000-0002-8870-1308, Hokke, Cornelis H ORCID: 0000-0003-3545-7804, Dalton, John P and O'Neill, Sandra M
(2016) Fasciola hepatica Surface Tegument: Glycoproteins at the Interface of Parasite and Host. Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP, 15 (10). pp. 3139-3153.

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Fasciola hepatica, commonly known as liver fluke, is a trematode that causes Fasciolosis in ruminants and humans. The outer tegumental coat of F. hepatica (FhTeg) is a complex metabolically active biological matrix that is continually exposed to the host immune system and therefore makes a good vaccine target. F. hepatica tegumental coat is highly glycosylated and helminth-derived immunogenic oligosaccharide motifs and glycoproteins are currently being investigated as novel vaccine candidates. This report presents the first systematic characterization of FhTeg glycosylation using lectin microarrays to characterize carbohydrates motifs present, and lectin histochemistry to localize these on the F. hepatica tegument. We discovered that FhTeg glycoproteins are predominantly oligomannose oligosaccharides that are expressed on the spines, suckers and tegumental coat of F. hepatica and lectin blot analysis confirmed the abundance of N- glycosylated proteins. Although some oligosaccharides are widely distributed on the fluke surface other subsets are restricted to distinct anatomical regions. We selectively enriched for FhTeg mannosylated glycoprotein subsets using lectin affinity chromatography and identified 369 proteins by mass spectrometric analysis. Among these proteins are a number of potential vaccine candidates with known immune modulatory properties including proteases, protease inhibitors, paramyosin, Venom Allergen-like II, Enolase and two proteins, nardilysin and TRIL, that have not been previously associated with F. hepatica Furthermore, we provide a comprehensive insight regarding the putative glycosylation of FhTeg components that could highlight the importance of further studies examining glycoconjugates in host-parasite interactions in the context of F. hepatica infection and the development of an effective vaccine.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Animals, Fasciola hepatica, Glycoproteins, Helminth Proteins, Lectins, Protein Array Analysis, Proteomics, Glycosylation, Mass Spectrometry, Host-Parasite Interactions
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2022 09:25
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2024 17:46
DOI: 10.1074/mcp.m116.059774
Open Access URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3149584