Chromosomal Region 11p14.1 is Associated with Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Bisoprolol

Fontana, Vanessa ORCID: 0000-0002-0146-9113, Turner, Richard Myles, Francis, Ben, Yin, Peng, Puetz, Benno, Hiltunen, Timo P, Ruotsalainen, Sanni, Kontula, Kimmo K, Mueller-Myhsok, Bertam and Pirmohamed, Munir ORCID: 0000-0002-7534-7266
(2022) Chromosomal Region 11p14.1 is Associated with Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Bisoprolol. PHARMACOGENOMICS & PERSONALIZED MEDICINE, 15. pp. 249-260.

Access the full-text of this item by clicking on the Open Access link.


<h4>Purpose</h4>Bisoprolol is a widely used beta-blocker in patients with cardiovascular diseases. As with other beta-blockers, there is variability in response to bisoprolol, but the underlying reasons for this have not been clearly elucidated. Our aim was to investigate genetic factors that affect bisoprolol pharmacokinetics (PK) and pharmacodynamics (PD), and potentially the clinical outcomes.<h4>Patients and methods</h4>Patients with non-ST elevation acute coronary syndrome were recruited prospectively on admission to hospital and followed up for up to 2 years. Patients from this cohort who were on treatment with bisoprolol, at any dose, had bisoprolol adherence data and a plasma sample, one month after discharge from index hospitalisation were included in the study. Individual bisoprolol clearance values were estimated using population pharmacokinetic modeling. Genome-wide association analysis after genotyping was undertaken using an Illumina HumanOmniExpressExome-8 v1.0 BeadChip array, while CYP2D6 copy number variations were determined by PCR techniques and phenotypes for CYP2D6 and CYP3A were inferred from the genotype. GWAS significant SNPs were analysed for heart rate response to bisoprolol in an independent cohort of hypertensive subjects.<h4>Results</h4>Six hundred twenty-two patients on bisoprolol underwent both PK and genome wide analysis. The mean (IQR) of the estimated clearance in this population was 13.6 (10.0-18.0) L/h. Bisoprolol clearance was associated with rs11029955 (p=7.17×10<sup>-9</sup>) mapped to the region of coiled-coil domain containing 34 region (CCDC34) on chromosome 11, and with rs116702638 (p=2.54×10<sup>-8</sup>). Each copy of the minor allele of rs11029955 was associated with 2.2 L/h increase in clearance. In an independent cohort of hypertensive subjects, rs11029955 was associated with 24-hour heart rate response to 4-week treatment with bisoprolol (p= 9.3×10<sup>-5</sup>), but not with rs116702638.<h4>Conclusion</h4>A novel locus on the chromosomal region 11p14.1 was associated with bisoprolol clearance in a real-world cohort of patients and was validated in independent cohort with a pharmacodynamic association.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bisoprolol, pharmacokinetics, genome-wide association
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Apr 2022 13:18
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:05
DOI: 10.2147/PGPM.S352719
Open Access URL:
Related URLs: