What is the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence in cancer survivors and patients? A systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis



Luigjes-Huizer, Yvonne L, Tauber, Nina M, Humphris, Gerry, Kasparian, Nadine A, Lam, Wendy WT, Lebel, Sophie, Simard, Sebastien, Smith, Allan Ben, Zachariae, Robert, Afiyanti, Yati
et al (show 18 more authors) (2022) What is the prevalence of fear of cancer recurrence in cancer survivors and patients? A systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis. PSYCHO-ONCOLOGY, 31 (6). pp. 879-892.

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Abstract

<h4>Objective</h4>Care for fear of cancer recurrence (FCR) is considered the most common unmet need among cancer survivors. Yet the prevalence of FCR and predisposing factors remain inconclusive. To support targeted care, we provide a comprehensive overview of the prevalence and severity of FCR among cancer survivors and patients, as measured using the short form of the validated Fear of Cancer Recurrence Inventory (FCRI-SF). We also report on associations between FCR and clinical and demographic characteristics.<h4>Methods</h4>This is a systematic review and individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis on the prevalence of FCR. In the review, we included all studies that used the FCRI-SF with adult (≥18 years) cancer survivors and patients. Date of search: 7 February 2020. Risk of bias was assessed using the Joanna Briggs Institute critical appraisal tool.<h4>Results</h4>IPD were requested from 87 unique studies and provided for 46 studies comprising 11,226 participants from 13 countries. 9311 respondents were included for the main analyses. On the FCRI-SF (range 0-36), 58.8% of respondents scored ≥13, 45.1% scored ≥16 and 19.2% scored ≥22. FCR decreased with age and women reported more FCR than men. FCR was found across cancer types and continents and for all time periods since cancer diagnosis.<h4>Conclusions</h4>FCR affects a considerable number of cancer survivors and patients. It is therefore important that healthcare providers discuss this issue with their patients and provide treatment when needed. Further research is needed to investigate how best to prevent and treat FCR and to identify other factors associated with FCR. The protocol was prospectively registered (PROSPERO CRD42020142185).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: cancer, correlates, fear of recurrence, oncology, prevalence
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 07 Apr 2022 11:14
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:05
DOI: 10.1002/pon.5921
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3152368