Insight into the synthesis of alcohols and acids in plasma-driven conversion of CO<sub>2</sub> and CH<sub>4</sub> over copper-based catalysts



Wang, Yuezhao, Fan, Linhui, Xu, Hongli, Du, Xiaomin, Xiao, Haicheng, Qian, Ji, Zhu, Yimin, Tu, Xin ORCID: 0000-0002-6376-0897 and Wang, Li
(2022) Insight into the synthesis of alcohols and acids in plasma-driven conversion of CO<sub>2</sub> and CH<sub>4</sub> over copper-based catalysts. APPLIED CATALYSIS B-ENVIRONMENTAL, 315. p. 121583.

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Abstract

Direct conversion of CO2 and CH4 into value-added oxygenates under mild conditions is highly desirable since it has great potential to deliver a sustainable low-carbon economy and a carbon-neutral ecosystem. However, tuning the distribution of oxygenates in this process remains a major challenge. Here, the electronic structure and acidic properties of copper-based catalysts were exploited as strategies to tune the distribution of oxygenates (alcohols and acids) in the plasma-catalytic conversion of CO2 and CH4 at a reaction temperature of 60 °C and atmospheric pressure. We use support, on which copper is anchored, to regulate the distribution of Cu2+ and Cu+ in the Cu-based catalysts. Comprehensive characterization of the catalysts together with the reaction performances reveals that Cu2+ species are favorable to the formation of alcohols, whereas Cu+ species are critical to enhancing acetic acid production. Furthermore, the Brønsted acid sites of HZSM-5 significantly improved the selectivity of acetic acid, while the synergy of isolated Cu+ center and Brønsted acid sites, developed via Cu-exchange HZSM-5, exhibits potential for acetic acid formation. Finally, possible pathways for the formation of alcohols and acetic acid have been discussed. This work provides new insights into the design of highly selective catalysts for tuning the distribution of alcohols and acids in the plasma-catalytic conversion of CO2 and CH4 to oxygenates.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Plasma catalysis, CO2 conversion, CH4 conversion, Oxygenates, Copper-based catalysts
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Electrical Engineering, Electronics and Computer Science
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 30 May 2022 13:54
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2023 07:45
DOI: 10.1016/j.apcatb.2022.121583
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2022.121583
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3155697