Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab for Early HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: A Real World Experience

Hall, Benjamin James, Bhojwani, Ajay Ashok, Wong, Helen, Law, Andrea, Flint, Helen, Ahmed, Eliyaz, Innes, Helen, Cliff, Joanne, Malik, Zaf, O'Hagan, Julie Elizabeth
et al (show 14 more authors) (2022) Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab and Pertuzumab for Early HER2-Positive Breast Cancer: A Real World Experience. BREAST JOURNAL, 2022. 7146172-.

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<h4>Background</h4>Randomized studies of neoadjuvant (NA) trastuzumab and pertuzumab combined with chemotherapy for HER2-positive breast cancers (BC) have reported pathological complete response (pCR) rates of 39 to 61%. This study aimed to determine the real-world efficacy and toxicity of NA trastuzumab and pertuzumab combined with chemotherapy in a UK tertiary referral cancer centre.<h4>Methods</h4>HER2-positive early BC patients given neoadjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab and pertuzumab between October 2016 and February 2018 at our tertiary referral cancer centre were identified via pharmacy records. Clinico-pathological information, treatment regimens, treatment-emergent toxicities, operative details, and pathological responses and outcomes were recorded.<h4>Results</h4>78 female patients were identified; 2 had bilateral diseases and 48 of 78 (62%) were node positive at presentation. 55 of 80 (71%) tumours were ER-positive. PCR occurred in 37 of 78 (46.3%; 95% CI: 35.3-57.2%) patients. 14 of 23 (60.8%) patients with ER-negative tumours achieved pCR; 23 of 55 (41.8%) were ER-positive and 6 of 19 (31.6%) were ER-positive and PgR-positive. No cardiac toxicity was documented. Diarrhoea occurred in 53 of 72 (74%) patients. Grade 3-4 toxicity occurred in ≥2% patients. These were diarrhoea, fatigue, and infection. The Median follow up period was 45.2 months (95% CI 43.8-46.3) with 71 of 78 (91.0%) remaining disease-free and 72 of 78 (92.3%) alive. Estimated OS at 2 years 86% (95% CI: 75-99%).<h4>Conclusion</h4>This data confirms the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combined with dual HER2 directed therapy. While no cardiac toxicity was observed, diarrhoea occurred frequently. The low pCR rate observed in ER and PgR-positive BCs warrants further investigation and consideration of strategies to increase the pCR rate.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Humans, Breast Neoplasms, Diarrhea, Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols, Treatment Outcome, Neoadjuvant Therapy, Female, Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized, Trastuzumab
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 06 Jul 2022 14:51
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:56
DOI: 10.1155/2022/7146172
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