Device-assessed sleep and physical activity in individuals recovering from a hospital admission for COVID-19: a multicentre study



Plekhanova, Tatiana, Rowlands, Alex V, Evans, Rachael A, Edwardson, Charlotte L, Bishop, Nicolette C, Bolton, Charlotte E, Chalmers, James D, Davies, Melanie J, Daynes, Enya, Dempsey, Paddy C
et al (show 36 more authors) (2022) Device-assessed sleep and physical activity in individuals recovering from a hospital admission for COVID-19: a multicentre study. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF BEHAVIORAL NUTRITION AND PHYSICAL ACTIVITY, 19 (1). 94-.

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Abstract

<h4>Background</h4>The number of individuals recovering from severe COVID-19 is increasing rapidly. However, little is known about physical behaviours that make up the 24-h cycle within these individuals. This study aimed to describe physical behaviours following hospital admission for COVID-19 at eight months post-discharge including associations with acute illness severity and ongoing symptoms.<h4>Methods</h4>One thousand seventy-seven patients with COVID-19 discharged from hospital between March and November 2020 were recruited. Using a 14-day wear protocol, wrist-worn accelerometers were sent to participants after a five-month follow-up assessment. Acute illness severity was assessed by the WHO clinical progression scale, and the severity of ongoing symptoms was assessed using four previously reported data-driven clinical recovery clusters. Two existing control populations of office workers and individuals with type 2 diabetes were comparators.<h4>Results</h4>Valid accelerometer data from 253 women and 462 men were included. Women engaged in a mean ± SD of 14.9 ± 14.7 min/day of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), with 12.1 ± 1.7 h/day spent inactive and 7.2 ± 1.1 h/day asleep. The values for men were 21.0 ± 22.3 and 12.6 ± 1.7 h /day and 6.9 ± 1.1 h/day, respectively. Over 60% of women and men did not have any days containing a 30-min bout of MVPA. Variability in sleep timing was approximately 2 h in men and women. More severe acute illness was associated with lower total activity and MVPA in recovery. The very severe recovery cluster was associated with fewer days/week containing continuous bouts of MVPA, longer total sleep time, and higher variability in sleep timing. Patients post-hospitalisation with COVID-19 had lower levels of physical activity, greater sleep variability, and lower sleep efficiency than a similarly aged cohort of office workers or those with type 2 diabetes.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Those recovering from a hospital admission for COVID-19 have low levels of physical activity and disrupted patterns of sleep several months after discharge. Our comparative cohorts indicate that the long-term impact of COVID-19 on physical behaviours is significant.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Accelerometer, Long COVID, MVPA, Sleep timing, PHOSP-COVID
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Infection, Veterinary and Ecological Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Aug 2022 10:26
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:53
DOI: 10.1186/s12966-022-01333-w
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3160422