PSVM: A global database for the Miocene indicating elevated paleosecular variation relative to the last 10 Myrs.

Engbers, YA, Bono, RK ORCID: 0000-0002-8222-2218 and Biggin, AJ ORCID: 0000-0003-4164-5924
(2022) PSVM: A global database for the Miocene indicating elevated paleosecular variation relative to the last 10 Myrs. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 23 (8).

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Statistical studies of paleosecular variation (PSV) are used to infer the structure and behavior of the geomagnetic field. This study presents a new database, paleosecular variation of the Miocene (PSVM), of high‐quality directional data from the Miocene Epoch (5.3–23 Ma), compiled from 1,454 sites from 44 different localities. This database is used to model the latitude dependence of paleosecular variation with varying selection criteria using a quadratic form based on Model G. Our fitted model parameter for latitude‐invariant PSV (Model G <jats:italic>a</jats:italic>) is 15.6° and the latitude dependent PSV term (Model G <jats:italic>b</jats:italic>) is 0.23. The latitude invariant term is substantially higher than previously observed for the past 10 Myrs or any other studied ages. We also present a new stochastic model of the time‐average field, BB‐M22, using a covariant giant Gaussian process (GGP) which is constrained using data from PSVM, PINT and Earth‐like geodynamo numerical simulations. BB‐M22 improves the fit to PSVM data relative to prior GGP models, as it reproduces the higher virtual geomagnetic pole (VGP) dispersion observed during the Miocene. Our findings suggest a more variable magnetic field and more active geodynamo in the Miocene Epoch than the past 10 Myrs, perhaps linked to elevated core‐mantle heat flow. Our results suggest that the average axial dipole dominance of the time‐instantaneous field was lower than in more recent times. We note however, that the inclination anomaly estimates, suggest that it cannot be ruled out that the Miocene time averaged field resembles a geocentric axial dipole.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: paleosecular variation, Miocene, core convection
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2022 09:24
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2023 02:28
DOI: 10.1029/2022gc010480
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