A data-driven system for cooperative-bus route planning based on generative adversarial network and metric learning

Wang, Jiguang, Zhang, Yilun, Xing, Xinjie ORCID: 0000-0001-6277-5045, Zhan, Yuanzhu, Chan, Wai Kin Victor and Tiwari, Sunil
(2022) A data-driven system for cooperative-bus route planning based on generative adversarial network and metric learning. Annals of Operations Research. pp. 1-27.

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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Faced with dynamic and increasingly diversified public transport requirements, bus operators are urged to propose operational innovations to sustain their competitiveness. In particular, ordinary bus operations are heavily constrained by well-established route options, and it is challenging to accommodate dynamic passenger flows effectively and with a good level of resource utilization performance. Inspired by the philosophy of sharing economy, many of the available transport resources on the road, such as minibuses and private vehicles, can offer opportunities for improvement if they can be effectively incorporated and exploited. In this regard, this paper proposes a metric learning-based prediction algorithm which can effectively capture the demand pattern and designs a route planning optimizer to help bus operators effectively deploy fixed routing and cooperative buses with traffic dynamics. Through extensive numerical studies, the performance of our proposed metric learning-based Generative Adversarial Network (GAN) prediction model outperforms existing ways. The effectiveness and robustness of the prediction-supported routing planner are well demonstrated for a real-time case. Further, managerial insights with regard to travel time, bus fleet size, and customer service levels are revealed by various sensitivity analysis.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 11 Sustainable Cities and Communities
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2022 09:54
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2024 03:01
DOI: 10.1007/s10479-022-04842-w
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10479-022-04842-w
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3165124