Improving the Stability, Selectivity, and Cell Voltage of a Bipolar Membrane Zero-Gap Electrolyzer for Low-Loss CO<sub>2</sub> Reduction



Siritanaratkul, Bhavin ORCID: 0000-0003-0604-7670, Sharma, Preetam K, Yu, Eileen H and Cowan, Alexander J ORCID: 0000-0001-9032-3548
(2023) Improving the Stability, Selectivity, and Cell Voltage of a Bipolar Membrane Zero-Gap Electrolyzer for Low-Loss CO<sub>2</sub> Reduction. ADVANCED MATERIALS INTERFACES, 10 (15).

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Abstract

<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Electrolyzers for CO<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> reduction containing bipolar membranes (BPM) are promising due to low loss of CO<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> as carbonates and low product crossover, but improvements in product selectivity, stability, and cell voltage are required. In particular, direct contact with the acidic cation exchange layer leads to high levels of H<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> evolution with many common cathode catalysts. Here, Co phthalocyanine (CoPc) is reported as a suitable catalyst for a zero‐gap BPM device, reaching 53% Faradaic efficiency to CO at 100 mA cm<jats:sup>−2</jats:sup> using only pure water and CO<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> as the input feeds. It is also shown that the cell voltage can be lowered by constructing a customized BPM using TiO<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> water dissociation catalyst, however this is at the cost of decreased selectivity. Switching the pure‐water anolyte to KOH improved both the cell voltage and CO selectivity (62% at 200 mA cm<jats:sup>−2</jats:sup>), but cation crossover could cause complications. The results demonstrate viable strategies for improving a BPM CO<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> electrolyzer toward practical‐scale CO<jats:sub>2</jats:sub>‐to‐chemicals conversion.</jats:p>

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: bipolar membrane, CO2 reduction, molecular catalyst, water dissociation, zero-gap electrolyzer
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 20 Mar 2023 10:07
Last Modified: 17 Oct 2023 09:46
DOI: 10.1002/admi.202300203
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3169169