Closing in on critical net-baryon fluctuations at LHC energies: Cumulants up to third order in Pb–Pb collisions



Acharya, S ORCID: 0000-0002-9213-5329, Adamová, D ORCID: 0000-0002-0504-7428, Adler, A, Aglieri Rinella, G ORCID: 0000-0002-9611-3696, Agnello, M ORCID: 0000-0002-0760-5075, Agrawal, N ORCID: 0000-0003-0348-9836, Ahammed, Z ORCID: 0000-0001-5241-7412, Ahmad, S ORCID: 0000-0003-0497-5705, Ahn, SU ORCID: 0000-0001-8847-489X, Ahuja, I ORCID: 0000-0002-4417-1392
et al (show 1035 more authors) (2023) Closing in on critical net-baryon fluctuations at LHC energies: Cumulants up to third order in Pb–Pb collisions. Physics Letters B, 844. p. 137545.

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Abstract

Fluctuation measurements are important sources of information on the mechanism of particle production at LHC energies. This article reports the first experimental results on third-order cumulants of the net-proton distributions in Pb–Pb collisions at a center-of-mass energy sNN=5.02 TeV recorded by the ALICE detector. The results on the second-order cumulants of net-proton distributions at sNN=2.76 and 5.02 TeV are also discussed in view of effects due to the global and local baryon number conservation. The results demonstrate the presence of long-range rapidity correlations between protons and antiprotons. Such correlations originate from the early phase of the collision. The experimental results are compared with HIJING and EPOS model calculations, and the dependence of the fluctuation measurements on the phase-space coverage is examined in the context of lattice quantum chromodynamics (LQCD) and hadron resonance gas (HRG) model estimations. The measured third-order cumulants are consistent with zero within experimental uncertainties of about 4% and are described well by LQCD and HRG predictions.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: 5106 Nuclear and Plasma Physics, 5107 Particle and High Energy Physics, 51 Physical Sciences
Divisions: Faculty of Science and Engineering > School of Physical Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2023 15:37
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2024 18:51
DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2022.137545
Open Access URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physletb.2022.137545
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3173326