A comparative study of vocational/technical education in Zambia and Zimbabwe 1900 - 1987.

Follis, Brian.
(1990) A comparative study of vocational/technical education in Zambia and Zimbabwe 1900 - 1987. PhD thesis, University of Liverpool.

[thumbnail of 277156.pdf] Text
277156.pdf - Unspecified

Download (10MB) | Preview


This thesis undertakes the collection, analysis and evaluation of information concerning the development of vocational and technical education in Zambia and Zimbabwe. Tracing the history of vocational education from 1900, the work emphasises the separate racial provision of education, including vocational, until both countries approached their respective Independence periods. Six years after Independence, vocational and technical education in Zambia occupied a focal point in the country's attempt to firstly achieve an economic transformation and secondly, absorb the growing number of unemployed school leavers from the system of general education. After abolishing the system of apprenticeship, government vocational institutions became the major point of training for formal sector employment skills. Yet this inner reform has been diluted largely by an economy unable to sustain the high recurrent costs reqUired by institutional training. The most striking feature of vocational and technical education in Zimbabwe is how little the structure has changed from the preindependence period. Whilst the racial balance of trainees has moved in favour of Africans, early political rhetoric in favour of changing the approach to skill training has failed to materialise. Conservat i ve forces in both countries have managed with assistance from external aid programmes to retain a formal system of vocational and technical education very similar to that which existed before independence. Educat ional provision for those who have dropped out of school or are unemployed is grossly deficient. In conclusion, the thesis proposes three act ion ar ea s: emphasising a closer partnership of public and private sector training institutions which will tackle the issue of making better use of existing institutional capacity and expanding more directed opportunities for skill training. linking national development goals with wellresearched and developed national vocational curricula rather than the perceptions or overseas examination syst ems: ensuring better coordination between the education/training system and the ongoing requirements of the employment system and making training more sensitive to sectorial needs, particularly towards the majority of people who live and work in rural areas.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 23 Oct 2023 10:19
Last Modified: 23 Oct 2023 10:28
DOI: 10.17638/03176012
Copyright Statement: Copyright © and Moral Rights for this thesis and any accompanying data (where applicable) are retained by the author and/or other copyright owners. A copy can be downloaded for personal non-commercial research or study, without prior permission or charge.
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3176012