Long non-coding RNA HOTAIR induces GLI2 expression through Notch signalling in systemic sclerosis dermal fibroblasts.



Wasson, Christopher W ORCID: 0000-0001-6558-4738, Ross, Rebecca L, Wells, Rebecca, Corinaldesi, Clarissa, Georgiou, Ioanna Ch ORCID: 0000-0003-3055-1105, Riobo-Del Galdo, Natalia A and Del Galdo, Francesco ORCID: 0000-0002-8528-2283
(2020) Long non-coding RNA HOTAIR induces GLI2 expression through Notch signalling in systemic sclerosis dermal fibroblasts. Arthritis research & therapy, 22 (1). 286-.

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Abstract

<h4>Objectives</h4>Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterised by tissue fibrosis of the major organs of the body including the skin, lungs and heart. We have previously reported that the lncRNA HOTAIR plays a central role in the activation of SSc myofibroblasts, the key cellular elements of fibrosis. HOTAIR induces fibroblast activation through H3K27me3-mediated activation of the Notch signalling pathway. Here we aimed to identify the signalling events downstream of Notch that drive SSc myofibroblast activation.<h4>Methods</h4>Patient fibroblasts were obtained from full-thickness forearm skin biopsies of 3 adult patients with SSc of recent onset. The lncRNA HOTAIR was expressed in healthy dermal fibroblasts by lentiviral transduction. Hedgehog signalling pathway was inhibited with GANT61 and GLI2 siRNA. Gamma secretase inhibitors RO4929097 and DAPT were used to block Notch signalling. GSK126 was used to inhibit Enhancer of Zeste 2 (EZH2).<h4>Results</h4>Overexpression of HOTAIR in dermal fibroblasts induced the expression of the Hedgehog pathway transcription factor GLI2. This is mediated by activation of Notch signalling following epigenetic downregulation of miRNA-34a expression. Inhibition of H3K27 methylation and Notch signalling reduced expression of GLI2 in HOTAIR-expressing fibroblasts as well as in SSc dermal fibroblasts. Importantly, the inhibition of GLI2 function using GANT61 or siRNA mitigates the pro-fibrotic phenotype induced by HOTAIR.<h4>Conclusions</h4>Our data indicates that GLI2 expression is stably upregulated in SSc myofibroblasts through HOTAIR and that GLI2 mediates the expression of pro-fibrotic markers downstream of Notch.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fibroblasts, Skin, Humans, Scleroderma, Systemic, Fibrosis, Nuclear Proteins, Signal Transduction, Adult, Receptors, Notch, Hedgehog Proteins, RNA, Long Noncoding, Zinc Finger Protein Gli2
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Systems, Molecular and Integrative Biology
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2024 09:10
Last Modified: 04 Mar 2024 09:10
DOI: 10.1186/s13075-020-02376-9
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3179061