Defying Contextual Embeddedness: Evidence from Displaced Women Entrepreneurs in Jordan

Al-Dajani, Haya, Akbar, H ORCID: 0000-0002-5035-649X, Carter, Sara and Shaw, Eleanor
(2018) Defying Contextual Embeddedness: Evidence from Displaced Women Entrepreneurs in Jordan. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 31 (3-4). pp. 198-212.

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Although entrepreneurial practices and processes are evolving and changing globally, models of entrepreneurship remain masculinized, embedded in advanced economies and associated with notions of individual agency, heroism and control. Rarely is defiance considered. In this paper, we explore the defiance practices of displaced women operating in the Jordanian patriarchal economy and society and consider how this enabled their nurturing of entrepreneurship. Indeed, we argue that socially excluded women actually defy their contextual embeddedness through their entrepreneurial activities. In so doing, we respond to calls for research that explores the contextual embeddedness of women’s entrepreneurship, and contribute to shifting the focus towards the more silent feminine end of the entrepreneurial process. We consider the defiance of invisible displaced women entrepreneurs operating in the under-researched context of Jordan. Longitudinal, ethnographic investigation revealed the creation of a secret production network led by, and for, displaced women. This paper focuses on the five founders of this network, which they established to mobilize and manage the production of traditional crafts and, by so doing, to defy the stifling limitations imposed by their restrictive contractors, community and family members.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Women's entrepreneurship, defiance, displaced women, contextual embeddedness, secret networks, Jordan, traditional crafts
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 08 Jan 2019 14:58
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2023 01:08
DOI: 10.1080/08985626.2018.1551788
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