Rational discovery of a SOD1 tryptophan oxidation inhibitor with therapeutic potential for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.



Manjula, Ramu, Unni, Sruthi, Wright, Gareth SA ORCID: 0000-0002-3756-9634, Bharath M M, Srinivas and Padmanabhan, Balasundaram
(2019) Rational discovery of a SOD1 tryptophan oxidation inhibitor with therapeutic potential for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Journal of biomolecular structure & dynamics, 37 (15). 3936 - 3946.

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Abstract

Formation of Cu, Zn superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) protein inclusions within motor neurons is one of the principal characteristics of SOD1-related amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). A hypothesis as to the nature of SOD1 aggregation implicates oxidative damage to a solvent-exposed tryptophan as causative. Here, we chart the discovery of a phenanthridinone based compound (Lig9) from the NCI Diversity Set III by rational methods by in silico screening and crystallographic validation. The crystal structure of the complex with SOD1, refined to 2.5 Å, revealed that Lig9 binds the SOD1 β-barrel in the β-strand 2 and 3 region which is known to scaffold SOD1 fibrillation. The phenanthridinone moiety makes a substantial π-π interaction with Trp32 of SOD1. The compound possesses a significant binding affinity for SOD1 and inhibits oxidation of Trp32; a critical residue for SOD1 aggregation. Thus, Lig9 is a good candidate from which to develop a new library of SOD1 aggregation inhibitors through protection of Trp32 oxidation. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma.

Item Type: Article
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 02 Mar 2020 10:50
Last Modified: 21 Jan 2022 15:10
DOI: 10.1080/07391102.2018.1531787
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3076798