Isotype heterojunction solar cells using n-type Sb₂Se₃ thin films



Hobson, Theodore DC ORCID: 0000-0002-0013-360X, Phillips, Laurie J ORCID: 0000-0001-5181-1565, Hutter, Oliver S, Shiel, Huw, Swallow, Jack EN, Savory, Christopher N, Nayak, Pabitra K, Mariotti, Silvia, Das, Bhaskar, Bowen, Leon
et al (show 14 more authors) (2020) Isotype heterojunction solar cells using n-type Sb₂Se₃ thin films. Chemistry of Materials, 32 (6). 2621 - 2630.

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Abstract

The carrier-type of the emerging photovoltaic Sb2Se3 was evaluated for both thin films and bulk crystals via a range of complementary techniques. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), hot probe, Hall effect, and surface photovoltage spectroscopy showed films and crystals synthesized from the Sb2Se3 granulate material to be n-type with chlorine identified as an unintentional n-type dopant via secondary ion mass spectrometry analysis. The validity of chlorine as a dopant was confirmed by the synthesis of intrinsic crystals from metallic precursors and subsequent deliberate n-type doping by the addition of MgCl2. Chlorine was also shown to be a substitutional n-type shallow dopant by density functional theory calculations. TiO2/Sb2Se3 n–n isotype heterojunction solar cells with 7.3% efficiency are subsequently demonstrated, with band alignment analyzed via XPS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crystals, Oxides, Defects
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2020 15:37
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2022 08:22
DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c00223
Open Access URL: https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c0...
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URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3077776