Literature Review to create Evidence Based Care Pathway for Isolated Adult Orbital Blowout Fractures



Wood, Jessica and Adeoye, Joanne
(2021) Literature Review to create Evidence Based Care Pathway for Isolated Adult Orbital Blowout Fractures. STRABISMUS, 29 (2). pp. 120-124.

[img] Text
Strabismus FINAL Edit.docx - Author Accepted Manuscript
Access to this file is embargoed until 10 May 2023.

Download (275kB)

Abstract

This review aims to develop an evidence-based pathway for isolated adult orbital blowout fractures. Evaluation of assessment methods, outcome measures, imaging modalities, and crucially, the optimal timing of surgical intervention was critically examined to develop a clinically applicable care pathway. A literature search was carried out using Scopus, PubMed and Web of Knowledge. The literature favors the use of HAR% ratio, Field of Binocular Single Vision (FOBSV) and Exophthalmometer as the core tests that should form part of the standardized assessment for blow-out fractures (BOFs). CT imaging remains gold standard, particularly to identify 'red-flags' warranting early intervention. There was some disagreement in relation to timing of intervention in adult fractures who continue to be symptomatic without initial extraocular muscle (EOM) entrapment and enophthalmos >3 mm, where early intervention within two weeks is not indicated. The limited literature available agreed that successful functional and radiological outcomes can be achieved with conservative or late surgical management following an extended observational period of four weeks, opposed to the conventional two weeks. An evidence-based care pathway has been created, confidently including the initial assessment methods, imaging modality, and the criteria for observation. A four-week observational period has been advocated due to evidence suggesting that there is no significant difference in outcomes from two-week observation, plus with careful functional evaluation, surgery may be avoided in some cases.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mechanical, incomitant, motility, surgery, imaging, functional
Divisions: Faculty of Health and Life Sciences
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health
Faculty of Health and Life Sciences > Institute of Population Health > School of Health Sciences
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 30 May 2022 15:58
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 21:12
DOI: 10.1080/09273972.2021.1914686
Related URLs:
URI: https://livrepository.liverpool.ac.uk/id/eprint/3148672