Regional Changes in Posterior Corneal Surface During a 6-Month Follow-up Period After tPRK, FS-LASIK, and SMILE

Wu, Jie, Wu, JinFang, Wu, SongAn, Zhu, DaTian, Miao, YuanYuan, Huang, ChengYi, Akiti, Stephen, Vinciguerra, Riccardo, Zhang, XinYu, Zhang, PeiPei
et al (show 8 more authors) (2022) Regional Changes in Posterior Corneal Surface During a 6-Month Follow-up Period After tPRK, FS-LASIK, and SMILE. JOURNAL OF REFRACTIVE SURGERY, 38 (11). pp. 708-715.

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<h4>Purpose</h4>To investigate changes in corneal curvature in different zones of the posterior corneal surface during a 6-month follow-up period after transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK), femtosecond laser-assisted excimer laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK), and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE).<h4>Methods</h4>The study included a total of 202 eyes, including 65, 77, and 60 that underwent tPRK, FS-LASIK, and SMILE, respectively. Elevation data for the posterior surface were obtained preoperatively (pre), as well as 1 week (pos1w), 1 month (pos1m), 3 months (pos3m), and 6 months (pos6m) postoperatively. Changes in posterior corneal curvature (M) were analyzed in the central (diameter: 0 to 3 mm), paracentral (diameter: 3 to 6 mm), and peripheral (diameter: 6 to 9 mm) regions.<h4>Results</h4>Over all follow-up periods, the central region of the posterior surface in all patients became flatter (<i>P</i> < .05), with FS-LASIK showing the largest change, whereas the paracentral and peripheral regions became steeper. The posterior curvature changes between pre and pos6m, determined before and after correction for ablated stromal depth, tended to follow similar trends in the three regions and after the three surgeries. There was also no significant correlation (<i>P</i> > .05) between the changes in the mean curvature (M, recorded between pre and pos6m) and each of the refractive error corrections, the changes in spherical aberration postoperatively, the optical zone diameter, ablated stromal depth, and residual stromal bed thickness in the central and peripheral regions, but the correlation was significant in the paracentral region.<h4>Conclusions</h4>The postoperative changes in posterior corneal shape followed different trends in the central, paracentral, and peripheral regions. The FS-LASIK group exhibited the most notable changes in posterior corneal curvature, especially in the central region. These changes were statistically correlated with variations in spherical aberration, and ablated and residential stromal thickness in the paracentral region. <b>[<i>J Refract Surg</i>. 2022;38(11):708-715.]</b>.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Corneal Stroma, Humans, Myopia, Keratomileusis, Laser In Situ, Follow-Up Studies, Visual Acuity, Photorefractive Keratectomy, Lasers, Excimer, Corneal Wavefront Aberration, Surgical Wound
Depositing User: Symplectic Admin
Date Deposited: 10 Oct 2022 08:10
Last Modified: 18 Jan 2023 20:37
DOI: 10.3928/1081597X-20221005-02
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